Madeira island is 310 miles from the African coast and 620 miles from the European continent, which is the equivalent of a 1 hour 30 minutes flight from Lisbon. The Madeira Archipelago, discovered by the Portuguese in 1418, is made up of the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo and the uninhabited islands of Selvagens and Desertas.
It is situated between latitude 32º22'20'' and 33º7'50'' with its longitude between 16º16'30W and 17º16'38''W. The island of Madeira has a surface area of 459 square miles (741 km2), (35 miles long and 13 miles wide). These islands, because of their privileged geographical position and mountainous relief, have a surprisingly mild climate. With very mild average temperatures, which range between 17ºC in the winter and 25ºC in the summer, and a moderate level of humidity, confer upon these islands exceptional subtropical features. The seawater temperature is also very mild, because of the influence of the warm Gulf current, presenting averages of 22ºC in the summer and 18º in the winter.